Digital Service Standards

The real difference in the adoption of digital across public services in Wales has to be an uncompromising focus on the needs of service users. The commitment to user centred design and the adoption of a set of digital service standards is essential.

Digital service standards that are common across all public service organisations in Wales will support and embed user centred service design and deliver better services and outcomes for users. We will ensure these standards are designed, adopted, promoted and sustained. They will be used to help organisations consider all the elements that lead to better services for the people of Wales.

Wales is unique in its adoption of the Wellbeing of Future Generations Act 2015 that requires public bodies in Wales to think about the long-term impact of their decisions, to work better with people, communities and each other and to prevent persistent problems such as poverty, health inequalities and climate change. This forward thinking policy is reflected in standards that build our services in Wales.

These service standards and how they can be used to support delivery of better outcomes for users will now be tested and iterated as part of our work.

  1. Focus on current and future well-being of people in Wales
  2. Promote the Welsh language 
  3. Understand users and their needs 
  4. Iterate and improve frequently 
  5. Use data and user research to make decisions
  6. Consider ethics, privacy and security throughout
  7. Every service needs an empowered service owner
  8. Every service needs a multidisciplinary team
  9. Use scalable technology
  10. Work in the open

This is a beta that we’re testing and sharing in the open for feedback.

This standard takes inspiration from other digital standards around the world (including that published by the Welsh Government). It explains what’s expected from new or redesigned digital services, funded by Welsh public sector organisations. We will collaborate with people across Wales to iterate and improve on this version.    

In more detail:

1. Focus on current and future well-being of people in Wales

We’re here to make a positive difference to the lives of people in Wales. We should be driven by outcomes that benefit them, not by lists of technical specifications or requirements. Digital service design means thinking about the future as much as we think about today. Teams should consider the well-being of future generations, and think about the social, economic, environmental and cultural well-being of Wales. Services should contribute to the 7 well-being goals of Wales.

2. Promote the Welsh language 

Services in Wales should meet the needs of people who use the Welsh language in their everyday lives. Teams should design and build services that promote and facilitate the Welsh language, and treat users who speak it equally with those who prefer English.

3. Understand users and their needs 

User needs should drive service design, whoever those users are. User needs matter more than the constraints of business structures, organisational silos or technologies. 

Teams should aim to address the user journey from start to finish, understanding the different ways and channels people will interact with services, whether that’s online, over the phone, or in person. Public services are for everyone, so considering accessibility is essential. Every encounter, online or offline, should move a user closer to their goal.  

4. Iterate and improve frequently 

We should use an incremental, fast-paced development approach to get working software into users’ hands as early as possible, as often as possible. This will help teams rapidly iterate, based on user feedback.  

5. Use data and user research to make decisions

We should constantly measure how well services are performing for users. Teams should use performance data to find and prioritise improvements. Where possible, that data should be automated and real-time, to make it as objective and easy to collect as it can be. 

Teams should conduct user research on iterative changes to their services. Senior leaders should take part in research on a regular basis, to stay in touch with the work. 

6. Consider ethics, privacy and security throughout

Digital services must protect sensitive information and keep data secure. Teams should assess, understand and address ethical issues associated with all digital services at every stage of their development. 

7. Every service needs an empowered service owner

There should be a single empowered service owner who has the authority and responsibility to make all business, product, and technical decisions about a service.

The same person is accountable and responsible for how well the service meets the needs of its users, which is how its success will be evaluated. 

8. Every service needs a multidisciplinary team

Teams are how we build services for Wales. Each one should be a diverse mix of people, experience, expertise and disciplines. 

As well as having the right mix of skills and experience for the current stage of development, the team should be able to explain how the make-up of the team may change over time, and what funding will be needed to support a team responsible for the service’s continuous improvement. 

9. Use scalable technology

We should make technology decisions that help teams do their work and deliver. We should always aim to use the simplest, most appropriate tool, and avoid vendor lock-in to specific technologies.

Teams should be empowered to use the tools that work for them , and encouraged to consider tools that meet open standards, are cloud-based, and that have widespread adoption and support. 

10. Work in the open

We should aim to make the services we build, and the techniques we use to build them, as open as possible. 

As they develop a service, teams should communicate in the open about the decisions they’re making and what they are learning. They should also share code, patterns and insights as freely as possible to help others seeking to build excellent public services in Wales.